Crash is a 1996 Canadian-British psychological thriller film written and directed by David Cronenberg based on J. G. Ballard’s 1973 novel of the same name. It tells the story of a group of people who take sexual pleasure from car accidents, a notable form of paraphilia. The film stars James Spader, Deborah Kara Unger, Elias Koteas,Holly Hunter, and Rosanna Arquette. The film generated considerable controversy on its release and opened to mixed and highly divergent reactions from critics. While some praised the film for its daring premise and originality, others criticized its combination of graphic sexuality with violence. Although it was nominated for the Golden Palm at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, it instead won the Special Jury Prize. The film’s music score was composed by Howard Shore.