Shame is a 2011 British drama film cowritten and directed by Steve McQueen, starring Michael Fassbender and Carey Mulligan. It was coproduced by Film4 and See-Saw Films. The film’s explicit sexual scenes regarding sexual addiction resulted in it being rated NC-17 in the United States, where it opened on December 2, 2011 in limited release. Shame was released in the United Kingdom on 13 January 2012. The film grossed $17,000,000 by the end of its world-wide theatrical run, including nearly $4,000,000 in the United States. Shame premiered at The 68th Venice Film Festival in the main competition. Fassbender won a Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival for his role in the film. It was also screened at The 36th Toronto International Film Festival, The 49th New York Film Festival, The 55th B.F.I. London Film Festival and The 34th Starz Denver Film Festival.