Wild at Heart is a 1990 American crime thriller film written and directed by David Lynch, and based on Barry Gifford’s 1989 novel of the same name. Both the book and the film revolve around Sailor Ripley and Lula Pace Fortune, a young couple from Cape Fear, North Carolina who go on the run from her domineering mother. Due to her mother’s machinations, the mob becomes involved. Lynch was originally going to produce, but after reading Gifford’s book decided to also write and direct the film. He did not like the ending of the novel and decided to change it in order to fit his vision of the main characters.Wild at Heart is a road movie and includes several allusions to The Wizard of Oz as well as Elvis Presley and his movies. Early test screenings for the film did not go well; Lynch estimated that 80 people walked out of the first test screening and 100 in the next. At the time of its release, the film received mixed to negative critical reviews and was a moderate success at the US box office, grossing USD$14 million, above its $10 million budget. The film won the Palme d’Or at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival, at which it received both negative and positive attention from its audience.